Monday, July 13, 2020

Social Anxiety and Walking Down the Aisle

Social Anxiety and Walking Down the Aisle Social Anxiety Disorder Coping Print Social Anxiety and Walking Down the Aisle By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder and 7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety. Learn about our editorial policy Arlin Cuncic Updated on September 30, 2019 Mark Edward Atkinson/Getty Images More in Social Anxiety Disorder Coping Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment and Therapy Work and School Related Conditions If you suffer with social anxiety disorder (SAD), being the center of attention during your wedding ceremony may be difficult. In particular, walking down the aisle with all eyes upon you is sure to trigger symptoms of anxietyâ€"even those who naturally enjoy the spotlight are likely to feel a little nervous on the big day. However, with a little advance planning and careful anxiety management, you should be able to enjoy this aspect of the ceremony instead of just surviving it. Tips such as those below are best used to complement traditional therapy for social anxiety such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or medication. Practice Self-Care Its generally important to take care of yourself, but even more so when you have a wedding approaching. Be sure to pay attention to yourself in the months and weeks leading up to the wedding. Get regular exercise. In the weeks leading up to your wedding, it can be difficult to fit in exercise. It is important, however, to stick to a regular exercise schedule to keep stress and anxiety at a minimum. If at all possible, make sure to fit a session in the day before your wedding. Get a good nights rest. Plan for a restful sleep the night before your wedding. Make sure to unwind before bed with a bath, an herbal tea, or a good book. Dont forget to eat. With all the rushing around on the day of your wedding, it can be easy to skip meals. However, it is important to eat healthy foods containing proteins and complex carbohydrates and to drink water. Avoid anything with sugar or caffeineâ€"these are likely to make anxiety worse. Have a Tailored Wedding If walking down the aisle is causing you significant anxiety, you may wish to consider making accommodations to soothe your nerves. Make it small. If a large audience is what bothers you most, choose to have a small wedding. You could even have a ceremony with just the two of you. Remember, its not the size of the wedding that matters, it is the meaning of the occasion. Change tradition. Guess what? It is not written in stone anywhere that you have to walk down the aisle at a wedding. While this may be expected in traditional ceremonies, if you and your family are flexible, you can arrange any sort of order of events that pleases you. Plan Ahead Starting early with your arrangements will prevent anxiety related to feeling rushed. Make the most of practice ceremonies. The purpose of the wedding rehearsal is to ensure that everything runs smoothly during the actual ceremony. Use this time to your advantage to become comfortable with the venue and gain confidence. Use Coping Strategies Breathe. In the time leading up to the start of the ceremony, take the time to practice deep breathing. Breathing in this manner encourages relaxation and reduces anxiety. Practice mindfulness meditation. Develop a meditation practice that will carry you through the ceremony. Learn how to be aware of your thoughts and feelings without letting them take over. Practice visualization. Imagine yourself confidently walking down the aisle. Do this enough times, and your body will remember what your brain has envisioned. It works for athletes and can work for you too. Focus Outward While many people focus on the bride at a wedding, it is also a time for everyone to socialize and chat. Encourage feelings of community rather than showmanship with the following tips. Focus on your partner. As you walk down the aisle, focus your gaze on your partner instead of the guests. If your partner is aware of your anxiety, arrange a signal beforehand that can be done to relax you, such as a wink or gesture. Use eye contact. Instead of avoiding the eyes of others, show others that you appreciate their presence through kind attention. You dont have to say anything; smile and your eyes will convey the message. Move beyond yourself. Above all else, realize that your friends and family are there to celebrate with you, not judge you. If despite all your best efforts, anxiety overcomes you at the last minute, go easy on yourself. Chances are that your symptoms are not as noticeable as you think.

Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Battling Alzheimers Disease Then and Now - Free Essay Example

Alzheimers disease (AD) is a chronic illness of extreme neural atrophy characterized by extensive memory loss, disorientation, and labored social communication/behavior. Often beginning after 65 years of age, AD constitutes between 60â€Å"70% of all dementia cases (Duthey 6) and, by extension, afflicts between 35â€Å"50 million globally at any given time (Park). The tracking of AD is largely an arduous task, even with sophisticated neuroimaging such as tensor-based morphometry and cortical thickness mapping; however, due to its devastating toll, a treatment for it is still of great importance to medical professionals and sufferers alike. Fortunately, our 21st-century knowledge of AD and of its impact on ones brain seems to furnish neuroscientists worldwide with more-than-adequate insight on how to develop novel treatments of unprecedented effectiveness for the disease. To the German physician Alois Alzheimer (who first stumbled upon AD back in 1906 by probing the case of Auguste Deter, then a 51-year-old woman admitted to the Frankfurt Hospital where he practised), todays advances would indeed come across as astonishing considering all the progress made in the field over just 111 years. On the one hand, a hypothetical method involving precise control of the innate immune response in humans by virtue of IL-33 signaling is proposed in hopes of rescuing memory deficits (Fu, 2016). On the other hand, another method of therapy is proposed contradictory to the notion that AD halts the assimilation of new memories (Roy, 2016) by using optogenetic techniques. Lastly, the research of Roy is backed by evidence apropos of the therapeutic use of deep brain stimulation for treatment of neuromotor impairment (Scharre, 2016). While this paper does chiefly shed light upon the technicalities of these pioneers work and that of a few others, it remains worthwhile to note (as I will through the means of the paper) also the moral and socioeconomic implications of the research described herein. In a groundbreaking investigation published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), the hidden role of interleukin-33 in fixing cognitive decline associated with Alzheimers comes to light with the discovery that its injection in APP/PS1 transgenic mice undoes deficiencies in contextual memory and synaptic plasticity unique to ADs pathology (Fu, 2016). Upon further research, it was revealed that IL-33 not only reduces the accumulation of soluble peptides (by promoting the phagocytic activity of microglia) but also discourages the adverse inflammation thats so closely linked with the disease in discussion. On the other hand, another such investigation published in the Nature International Journal of Science proves the amnesia characteristic of early AD to be an outcome of compromised memory retrieval rather than compromised memory storage. An AD model involving transgenic mice of various ages was extensively studied via the light-specific stimulation of hippocampal engram cells so to rescue lost episodic memories by way of optogenetic technologies (Roy, 2016). These results (defended by several studies with regard to the significance of dendritic spines in memory processing) collectively support the claim that LTP-inducing optogenetics may serve as an effective component of future AD therapy. To boot, AD deficits (e.g. in solving everyday problems or making choices on a daily basis) may also be ameliorated through deep-brain stimulation (DBS) targeted at the ventral capsule/ventral striatum area (Scharre, 2016). While all three instances of research offer hard scientific evidence regarding improvement of symptoms unique to AD, Fus research is particularly consistent with other neurological studies that specifically look into how inflammation increases as humans age and how it is inherently linked to many diseases common for the elderly (in this case, over 65), such as atherosclerosis, osteoarthritis, and consequently, Alzheimers. While inflammation is naturally a complex biological response for protection against harmful stimuli such as a pathogenic attack, its occasional abnormalities are in fact known to underlie a wide range of systemic conditions. Although it is not included as a major example of research in this paper, the intriguing work of Professor Clive Holmes, along with that of his colleagues at the University of Southampton (UK) and Kings College London, includes the isolation of a cytokine vital to the acute-phase reaction of macrophages, TNF ±. It has been found through this study itself that AD can, in a way, be diagnosed by monitoring levels of this protein in the bloodstream. Additionally, the study refers to possible treatment of the neuroinflammation associated with AD via a compound known as etanercept, a TNF ± inhibitor used to mend autoimmune disorders that is in phase II clinical trials as of 2015 so that its potency against AD may be measured; it is however hypothesized to work by blocking CSF1R, a receptor needed for microglial activation (Fillit). Multiple laboratory experiments have also uncovered the apparent effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as 2-(4-isobutylphenyl) propionic acid or acetylsalicylic acid, on the advancement of numerous aspects of AD pathology, most notably the continual presence of dystrophic extensions and amyloid deposition, suggesting an increase in the housekeeping activities of microglia, including phagocytosis of cellular debris (Vlad, 2008). Yet another line of strong affirmation for the inflammation-Alzheimers link comes from large-scale analyses of thousands of participants for the detection of small variations in unusual and typical genotypes for AD. Alzheimers risk has, on the basis of the results of these studies, been tied to several genes involved in innate immunity, a primary group of nonspecific bodily defenses. One gene, TREM2, encodes for a novel monocytic/neutrophilic receptor and is of special interest to scientists. It has been found that homozygous or missense mutati ons within this locus may result in elevated likelihood for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsons disease, as well as early onset forms of autosomal recessive dementia (due to impeded proteolytic maturation of microglia). Much of this research portrays AD as a logical progression of neurodegeneration in which accumulated oligomers (created as enzymes called secretases cleave precursor proteins) stimulate microglia to release an intricate series of extracellular signaling molecules, resulting in chronic inflammation. A significant portion of neuronal apoptosis as it occurs in AD may also be due to degranulation of microglia and rising amounts of reactive oxygen species, processes which can culminate in neurotoxicity. The previously mentioned interleukins mentioned in Fus research contribute heavily to deposition by acting as original mediators for phosphorylation (e.g. tyrosine kinase) cascades in microglia, gradually setting the stage for a hyperactive immune responseand thus cognitive dysfunction. As of the present day, Alzheimers disease (AD) remains an indisputably debilitating and degrading illness that never fails to rob those in its grip not only of their societal and financial grounding, but also their individuality. As the Irish poet and playwright Oscar Wilde once rightly said, Memoryis the diary we all carry about with us. If not fixed, AD could cost Americans alone an estimated $1.1 trillion by 2050 in the totality of all its complications (Johns 2). In the fullness of time, AD lastly calls into question ethical predicaments that form the first barriers to a universal cure. After all, in our efforts to protract morbidity, we must not forget to treat humanely and with the best expression of care, love, and attention (Post 1932). In order to gain a complete understanding of the pathophysiology of Alzheimers disease (AD) for avenues of treatment, it is necessary to conduct a study that examines the biochemical perspective of neural proteopathy, a term that denotes protein misfolding in cells of the human nervous system. For this purpose, it is important to examine the state of activation of microglia in different stages of AD for appropriate determination of the exact effect(s) of potential anti-inflammatory therapies. Therefore, evidence supporting the beneficial or detrimental performance of microglia in AD must be collected, primarily to aid in finding biomarkers for diagnostic or therapeutic interventions. With sufficient knowledge and practice, a panacea for the far-reaching dilemma of AD can surely be found.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Persuasive Essay On Foster Care - 921 Words

Have you ever been in foster care? Foster care is very hectic. It will eventually get better once you are adopted, but if you don’t like who you are getting adopted by then it’s not ok. When I was in foster care I was staying with this one family. They were nice but they had 3 other foster kids that they were taking care of also. I was in foster care for about a half a year. It wasn’t the best feeling not being around people I love and knew. I eventually got somewhat comfortable around my foster parents but it was still not the same as being around my family. When I was in foster care there was so many people involved. Judge, social worker, foster parents, grandma, and more. Most of the time I spent in my foster home. I would go†¦show more content†¦The family came to pick me up and they acted like they were nice and they loved kids but I was like hahaha†¦.no, they took me to there house and took me up to my room that I was staying in. When I got there, there was another girl in the room and she was asleep. Her name was ashley. I remember that she was the only kid in the house that actually wanted to be my friend. I didnt go to school I was homeschooled for a little while until I got used to being away from my family then they enrolled me in school. I was in 3rd grade and it was my first year at this school I had Mr. Knew. I made it throught the year and basically my whole summer was going back and forth to court and it was the most stressful summer because I also had to make some decisions, and I didnt know if they were the right ones. It was almost a year and a half. We had got a date and time of when we were supposed to be at the courthouse. My grandma was trying to adopt me so she could get me out of foster care and in with my family. We had to go through so much things to get to the point that were at. We went through so many steps and waited forever it seemed like. It was our last visit to the courthouse and I wasnt really paying attention but the only words that I heard the judge say was â€Å"Anisa Munoz, I would like to congratulate you on your success of adoption† I was so excited and so was everyone else. We had to go back to my foster parentsShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Essay About Foster Care2053 Words   |  9 Pagestoday, approximately 400,000 children and youth are in foster care at any given time and each year about 20,000 of these students emancipate (i.e., age out) of foster care† (â€Å"Students in Foster Care†). There are many children in this world who are separated fr om their parents. Placed somewhere by the government. They are being placed somewhere not familiar to them or somewhere far from where they lived before. Many people are not aware that foster children need help in their education and one of theRead MoreThe Criminalization Of Prostitution Does More Harm Than Good When Often Women1275 Words   |  6 Pagesand regulate prostitution instead. I thought overall my essay turned out pretty good; prostitution was an interesting topic to research and write about. I think my essay could have been a bit better because I was a bit pressed for time these past few weeks with finals, and I didn’t get the chance to have another person read the final product. I think that if I were to revise it again, I would have another person take a look at the final essay and give me some feedback about the strength of my overallRead MoreObesity : A Huge Problem1138 Words   |  5 PagesDylan Smith Lindsay Simpson Comp II September 14, 2014 Compare and Contrast Essay Obesity has become a huge problem in the United States, and has affected almost everyone’s lives in some way. Obesity is not something people should take lightly, but many do. Obesity is very dangerous and can shorten a person’s life by years. Both David Zinczenko and Radley Balko agree that obesity is dangerous and has emerged as a huge problem. However, the two differ on why this problem has occurred and how it mayRead MoreAnalysis : Embraced By The Needle944 Words   |  4 PagesGabor Matà ©Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s essay, â€Å"Embraced by the Needle† uses client experiences and research to make a valid argument about how drug addictions are not the results of the drug alone, but from suppressed feelings of unhappiness and a lack of nurturing during childhood. Based out of Vancouver, Matà ©, a physician at a non-profit harm reduction facility, works with individuals who suffer from drug addiction and mental illness. He explores the underlying reasons behind addiction. Mat à © supports his argument with variousRead MoreDarren Fontanilla. English 101/Reyes. Persuasive Essay1059 Words   |  5 PagesDarren Fontanilla English 101/Reyes Persuasive Essay 5/8/2017 Somebody’s Daughter How would one feel if one s daughter was kidnapped and ended up being a victim of child prostitution? Of course you would feel sick and disgusted. In the book, Somebody s Daughter: The Hidden Story of America s Prostituted Children and the Battle to save Them, Julian Sher explains that prostitution affects young women in America who are usually runaways. There are multiple situations of different victims beingRead MoreDavid Foster Wallaces Speech : This Is Water883 Words   |  4 Pages Many people tend to become frustrated with their daily lives and start to have a negative mindset of blaming other people for their problems. In David Foster Wallace’s speech, â€Å"This is Water,† he informed the audience of the importance for everyone to know they have a natural default setting, which is the automatic way that a person feels they are the center of the universe and that negative situations are other people’s fault. He also discussed the importance of trying not to act in this naturalRead MorePersuasive Essay: Pro-choice Abortion871 Words   |  4 PagesDestinee Riggs Professor Camila Alvarez ENC1101 T 6:35-9:00pm 485 words Persuasive Essay: Pro-choice Abortion In 1973 in the United States in the Roe V. Wade decision, the supreme court ruled that women, in consultation with their physician, have a constitutionally protected right to have an abortion in the early stages of pregnancy- that is, before viability- free from government interference. (Guttmacher Institute) This did not spark the controversy of the topic, however. Can you rememberRead MoreThe Autobiography Of Malcolm X As Told By Alex Haley1442 Words   |  6 Pagesmutilated. This lead to the emotional breakdown of Malcolm’s mother and in turn she was institutionalized. Malcolm and his siblings were separated and placed in foster homes, and from then, his life began a path of drugs, sex, and crime. It was not until he was imprisoned in 1946, that he decided to make some changes for the better. This essay will assess and discuss those changes whether negative or positive, on a micro, mezzo, and macro level. It will also cover some of the effects of racial prejudiceRead More Malcolm X : A Man Who Changed American History1453 Words   |  6 Pagesmutilated. This lead to the emotional breakdown of Malcolm’s mother and in turn she was institutionalized. Malcolm and his siblings were separated and placed in foster homes, and from then, his life began a path of drugs, sex, and crime. It was not until he was imprisoned in 1946, that he decided to make some changes for the better. This essay will assess and discuss those changes whether negative or positive, on a micro, mezzo, and macro level. It will also cover some of the effects of racial prejudiceRead MoreWhy Do People Shop at PRIMARK Regularly? 1337 Words   |  6 PagesBefore I came to the UK, I had never heard of Primark before. Some students from last year recommended me to buy socks, stockings and accessories there and they used â€Å"cost-effective† to describe it, but this â€Å"word-of-mouth† still not persuasive enough to motivate me to take an action. The first time I went to Primark was last September. I passed by the Primark flagship store on Oxford Street, I was extremely surprised at the crowd in front of the outlet because almost everyone bought loads of things

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Taking a Look at Five Star Carpentry - 1768 Words

BUSINESS PLAN Five Star Carpentry Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary 1.1. Product 1.2. Customers 1.3. What Drives Us 2. Company Description 2.1. Mission Statement 2.2. Principal Members 2.3. Legal Structure 3. Product/Service Line 3.1. Services 3.2. Pricing Structure 3.3. Service Life Cycle 3.4. Intellectual Property Rights 3.5. Research Development 4. Market Research 4.1. Industry 4.2. Customers 4.3. Competitors 4.4. Competitive Advantage 4.5. Regulations 4.6. Market Trends 5. Marketing Sales 5.1. Marketing Plan 5.2. Marketing Share 5.3. Target Markets and Marketing Segmentation 5.4. Market Trends 5.5. Pricing 5.6. Promotion 5.7. Place 5.8. Service Policies 5.9. Growth Strategy 5.10. Communications 5.11. Prospects 6. Manufacturing and Operations Plan 6.1. Geographic Location 6.2. Facilities 6.3. Make-or-Buy Policy 6.4. Control Systems 6.5. Labor Force 7. Management Team 8. Timeline 9. Critical Risks and Assumptions 10. Benefits to the Community 11. Exit Strategy 12. Financial Projections 12.1. Profits Loss 12.2. Cash Flow 12.3. Balance Sheet 12.4. Break-Even Analysis 12.5. Financial Assumptions 12.6. Assumptions for Profit and Loss Projections 12.7. Assumptions for Cash Flow Projections 12.8. Assumptions for Balance Sheet 12.9. Assumptions for Break-Even Analysis 13. Appendix 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.1 Product As a carpentry company, we provide all around serviceShow MoreRelatedLifes Hills And Rivers Essay1032 Words   |  5 PagesLifes Hills and Rivers Encompassed by numerous stars, silence, and astounding mountains, I remained on Arizonas Piestewa Peak awestruck by the scenery .Glancing back at the climb and to think strolling through glade woodland, and mud. And additionally crossing streams taking a gander at lakes, stars, trees and for the most part going through a half observed world all occurred before 6pm. I recall the five of us ceased almost a waterfall to ingest the magnificence of the rising sun. The skyRead MoreThe Building And Construction Industry6387 Words   |  26 PagesBuilding Code of Australia (BCA) which is amended annually, taking effect on May 1 each year. Energy raters’ are consultants and thermal comfort assessors that provide cost effective solutions in sustainable buildings. Whether you need to comply with state legislation, or need advice in turning your habitat, whether it be work or home, into a comfortable eco-friendly space, energy rater’s can help. Energy raters’ specialise in: †¢ 6+ star ratings for new existing homes †¢ NSW BASIX Certificates †¢Read MoreMelting Pot6314 Words   |  26 Pagestwenty-one scattered through the poor tenement districts, with a total enrolment of something over five thousand pupils. . . .Whatever its stamp of nationality, the curriculum is much the same. The start, as often as is necessary, is made with an object lesson - soap and water being the elements and the child the object. The alphabet comes second on the list. Later on follow lessons in sewing, cooking, carpentry for the boys, and like practical â€Å"branches† of which the home affords the child no demonstrationRead MoreFigurative Language and the Canterbury Tales13472 Words   |  54 Pagesapproximate rhyme: also known as imperfect rhyme, near rhyme, slant rhyme, or oblique rhyme. A term used for words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondence but are not perfect rhymes. Often words at the end of lines at first LOOK like they will rhyme but are not pronounced in perfect rhyme. Emily Dickinson†™s poems are famous for her use of approximate rhyme. 9. assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds †¢ The child of mine was lying on her side. [i] †¢ Over the mountainsRead MoreBlue Man Case Study Essay10220 Words   |  41 Pages9-810-108 REV: JANUARY 6, 2012 BHASKAR CHAKRAVORTI JANET KRAUS SHIRLEY M. SPENCE Blue Man Group: Creativity, Life and Surviving an Economic Meltdown 1 Sometimes when we look at where Blue Man Group has gone; we just sort of scratch our heads. And we think about how we started, basically just the three of us saying, â€Å"Why don’t we get bald and blue and do stuff?† — Chris Wink, co-founder with friends Matt Goldman and Phil Stanton Monday evening on July 7, 2008, Chris, Matt and PhilRead MoreBraun Ag: the Kf 40 Coffee Machine13786 Words   |  56 Pages40 Coffee Machine â€Å"If we’re going to do it, we’ve got to quit stalling,† exclaimed Albrecht Jestà ¤dt,1 head of development for a new coffeemaker at Braun AG. â€Å"I’ve said all I can about polypropylene, and I’m convinced we can go with it,† he added, taking another sip of his beer. At the end of a day in February 1983, Jestà ¤dt and his colleagues were discussing Braun’s newest design: an elegant, cylindrical coffeemaker, called the â€Å"KF 40,† destined for the mid- and upper end of the mass market. In orderRead MoreBraun Ag: the Kf 40 Coffee Machine13776 Words   |  56 Pages40 Coffee Machine â€Å"If we’re going to do it, we’ve got to quit stalling,† exclaimed Albrecht Jestà ¤dt,1 head of development for a new coffeemaker at Braun AG. â€Å"I’ve said all I can about polypropylene, and I’m convinced we can go with it,† he added, taking another sip of his beer. At the end of a day in February 1983, Jestà ¤dt and his colleagues were discussing Braun’s newest design: an elegant, cylindrical coffeemaker, called the â€Å"KF 40,† destined for the mid- and upper end of the mass market. In orderRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. 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The Economic and Political Motives of the American...

The Economic and Political Motives of the American Constitution vs. the Articles of Confederation Introduction The Constitution of the United States of America is often revered and thought of as the basis for all democracies around the world. However, when it is used as an example of the perfect democracy, the facts and history behind its creation are often left out. While it is a fascinating document, it is not the pinnacle of perfection that we often hold it up to be. It had a stumbling start, full of problems and arguments, instead of the immaculate conception that is often described. Its beginnings were much humbler, and they started with the Articles of Confederation. It is somewhat strange that the American people know so†¦show more content†¦While there were obvious flaws in the Articles of Confederation, did they need to be completely thrown out, or could they have been modified? Of course, the writings of Adam Smith must not be forgotten. What were the bases of Smith’s perfect government? Would Smith have sided with the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution, or something completely different? While Smith does have much to say about just about everything, does he have something specific to say? His views on government are geared more towards a monarchy, but some of his ideas are not necessarily monarchical in nature. He disagrees with the English system of the time, but does this mean that he has his own solution, or just basic guidelines? The Creation of the Articles of Confederation History The Articles of Confederation have long been viewed as having been a failure, a trifling effort at self-government that needed to be thrown out and replaced by the Constitution in 1787. While we now side with the Framers of the Constitution instead of its opponents, it is important to remember an old proverb: To the winner goes the spoils. So before we enter into a description of what transpired during the writing of the Articles of Confederation it is equally important to be sure not to prejudge what we believe the Articles were before learning about them. To approach the Articles of Confederation from the point of view of theShow MoreRelatedBook Review: Founding Brothers by Joseph Ellis Essay1437 Words   |  6 Pagesits great leaders. While each chapter or story can be read separately and completely understood, they do relate to a broader common theme. One of Ellis main purposes in writing the book was to illustrate the early stages and tribulations of the American government and its system through his use of well blended stories. The idea that a republican government of this nature was completely unprecedented is emphasized through out the book. Ellis discusses the unique problems that the revolutionary generationRead MoreFederalism Essay2577 Words   |  11 Pagesthe spheres of state and national government. When the constitution was born, it held that certain policy areas, such as interstate commerce and defense, were the exclusive provinces of national authority, while public health and intrastate commerce, belonged clearly and exclusively to the states. This is Dual federalism. The two levels had equal strength and power, which lead to jealousy. Competition between the two was primarily over economic development and regulation. When imposing uniformityRead MoreNational Security Outline Essay40741 Words   |  163 PagesNational Security and the Fourth and Fifth Amendments 73 R. J. Rummel, â€Å"Power Kills; Absolute Power Kills Absolutely (Oct. 1991) 77 A. Theories of Confidence-Building Measures 79 J.N. 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Strategic Analysis of Argos UK Retail Company Free Essays

string(111) " any country whether it is a superpower with global reach or a small nation struggling to emerge from poverty\." 1.0 Introduction This study will review Argos Retailer UK, an organisation, which focuses on customer services as its differentiating factor in an increasingly competitive retail service sector. In the course of this study we explicate how the organisation’s marketing strategies align with its overall strategic objective. We will write a custom essay sample on Strategic Analysis of Argos UK Retail Company or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the current climate of economic recession carrying in its wake a wave of unprecedented company failure the need for survival and excelling others has become ever more important. Therefore, organisations such as Argos will need to develop innovative strategies to lure customers who are not only reluctant to buy products but are becoming very savvy in their choice of such products. 1.1 Organisation Profile This study will focus on Argos UK Retail Company, which is one of the UK’s largest general merchandise retailing store. The company was founded in 1973 by Richard Tompkins and went into London stock exchange in 1990 after it had demerged from BAT industries. Argos Uk sells over 18,000 products in a week and services about 2.5million customers respectively. It has about 7000 stores in UK and 51,000 staff strength. Argos UK Retail Company is not part of a group, which includes Argos Business Solution. Argos Business Solution benefits from the scale of its combined buying and merchandising strategy. The retail brands provide the convenience of home shopping through different routes to market and services, Argos retail group includes Argos Limited, Homebase and Argos retail group financial services. The organisation deals on retail product that is group into two distinctive brands of products. These include Argos and Homebase. The Retail products are toys, jewellers, small domestic appliances, furniture sports and leisure equipment. It deals on consumer’s electronics and large domestic appliances, it also engages in retail services of Home improvement goods and garden related products. Argos is one of the larges stores in the world. This company is well known for its new stylish and innovative design of wide range of electronics. The organisation offers a wide range of well- designed, efficient, quality and good home domestic products at low prices that attract a wide range of customers to buy their products. The group as a whole had annual sales of over 32.4 billion pounds in the financial year ended in 2008. 1.2 Objectives of Argo This objectives is to develop Argos, a general framework for dynamically composing web services. Many scientific problems can be modelled as a workflow that includes information gathering and processing operations. We propose a unifying framework where these operations are modelled a web services and the scientific workflow as composition of web services. This objective is to use Argos in an metropolitan planning application, in consultation with an advisory team of government representatives, from the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the San Bernardino Associated Governments, the Southern California Association of Governments and the Port of Long Beach. This objective is to extend the transportation planning domain to address problems of urban spatial structure that heretofore have not been practical for social science researchers to study due to the lack of tools integrating and analysing available data. 1.3 Definition of Globalisation. Globalisation is the system of interaction among the countries of the world in order to develop the global economy. Globalization also refers to the integration of economics and societies all over the world. Globalization involves technological, economic, political, and cultural exchanges made possible largely by advances in communication, transportation, and infrastructure and it refers to the rapid increase in the share of economic activity taking place across national boundaries. This goes beyond the international trade in goods and includes the way those goods are produced, the delivery and sale of services, and the movement of capital. The origin of the term Globalisation is often attributed to Marshall McLuhan’s concept of the ‘global village’. McLuhan (1962) observed that advances in electronic mass media were collapsing space and time barriers to enable people to communicate on a global scale. But this is just one aspect of globalization, albeit an important aspect of globalization, where the term ‘global village’ is used as a metaphor to describe the interconnectedness of the world through the internet and web. Other researchers attribute the globalization phenomenon to historical, social, political and technological changes, which have enabled the free flow of people, investment, products/services, information and knowledge across the globe. This has led to a fundamental shift in the world economy, where national economies are no longer isolated from each other by barriers to cross-border trade/investment; by distance, time zone, language and by national differences in government regulation, culture, and business system. National economies are merging into an interdependent global economic system.Globalisation in broad terms is the process of integration of countries and people politically, economically and culturally, into global communities. In the context of business, globalization is the phenomenon by which industries transform themselves from multi-national to global competitive structures. Multi-national companies have an international presence of some form or other, where global companies operate in the main markets of the world, and do so in an integrated and co-ordinate way. Globalisations is mush talked about in the media. Of course the term ‘globalisation’ is by no means the preserve of economists alone.indeed it has been approached from the perspective of at least four academic disciplines, within each of which it tend to take on different characteristics. Economists focus on the growth of international trade and the increase in international capital flows. Political scientists view globalization as a process that leads to the undermining of the nation state and emergence of new forms of governance Sociologists view globalization in terms of the rise a global culture and the Domination of the media by global companies International relations experts tend to focus on the emergence of global conflicts and global institutions Effects on National Economies Influence of International Institution Role and Responsibilities of the EU Membership. The national economy is the engine of growth for any country whether it is a superpower with global reach or a small nation struggling to emerge from poverty. You read "Strategic Analysis of Argos UK Retail Company" in category "Essay examples" Every citizen is a participant in the economy, as they work to create income for their families, pay taxes, spend their earnings of products and services, or draw from government programs, such as welfare or Social Security. And yet the workings of the economy remain a mystery to most, even as the demands on our economic resources increase. When one looks at the aftermath of the collapse of systematic soviet domination over politics and policy making in East Central Europe, one could be truly astounded at the amount of change that has occurred. Both the Czech Republic and Hungary are in the process of democratization while simultaneously integrating themselves into Western institutions. There is no question that the democratic transitions in Eastern Europe were spurred by the loosening of soviet control, and there affected by international influence. Democratic values, crucial to democratic consolidation, from outside could undermine other aspects of democracy, specifically plurality and rule of law. Democratic policies imposed from outside might amount to rule by law, if policies put in place by domestic elites due to international pressure, are not adequately debated, supported, enforced and implemented at the local level. A consolidated democracy requires the full rooting of democracy, which can be seen by policy debate and policy choice for citizens.(Plurality) it also requires the internalization of rules and procedures (rule of law) and the human rights.(Pridham and Lewis) it is widely accepted that international influence, whether directly or indirectly, but as it is generally diffuse and not quantifiable the nature of the relationship has not been fully explored. We believe that the conditions of Post-Communism provide a filter through which this specific influence can be assessed. These condition can be generally defined as the need to develop the market economy and financial institutions. This economic and social transformation and the desire to integrate remove socio- economic issues from the political landscape. The nature of post- Communist transition therefore provides a unique opportunity to assess the ability of international institutions to craft democracy from the outside and ‘assist’ democratic consolidation. My research considers plurality and dissemination of democratic values through looking at domestic and international influences on minority policy, central to democratic values, as well a looking at rule by considering how this policy is internalized and implemented and enforced at local level. This research, by isolating the international influences on aspects of democracy also has policy implications for wider European Democracy. International influence affects all democracies but its effects are difficult to distinguish from domestic influences in established democracies. Hopefully due to the prism that post-Communist environment provides (though it has unique characteristics, the international influences are universal), we will be able to ascertain what increasing international influence and democratic crafting means in wider context, beyond post-Communist transition. Over the past two decades the functions of international economic institutions have greatly expanded to include programmes and policies, which affect a wider range of people, groups, and organizations than before. Where previously people could hold their national governments to account for such policies, they must now look to international institutions where the decisions are being made. But to who are these institutions accountable and are they accountable to those whom they direct affectThis course work sets out to answer that question in respect of the International Monetary Fund(IMF), the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization(WTO). The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund(IMF)which are meant to assist governments in achieving development aims through the provision of loans and technical assistance. They have championed the trade liberalization policies mentioned above. Governments and these international institutions are in determining the outcome of globaliza tion. 1.4 EFFECTS OF EU MEMBERSHIP OF BRITAIN ON ARGOS Home Retail Group ,owner of Argos and Homebase, warned yesterday the weakness of the pound could push up prices of non-food good as sourcing costs for retailers rise by up to 10%. At the same time it predicted another year of sharp sales declines at its chains. Home Retail chief executive Terry Duddy said the group was planning for 2009 to be a â€Å"as difficult as 2008†, when profile fell 24% to ?32m. He said the weak pound would be a â€Å"headwind† for all non-food retailers, predicting cost inflation of up to 10% on foreign- made goods. More than half the group’s goods are made in china. â€Å"our main worry is the impact sterling may have on product pricing and therefore the impact it may have on consumer demand.† Despite some lower costs, such as shipping, down 60%,retailers, suppliers and consumers would have to share the pain: â€Å"we will raise prices where we can but at the same time maintain our price position.† Home Retail is cutting 1,300 head office and supply chain jobs. It has also cut shop workers’ hour and will open fewer new outlets this year. Despite these measures some analysts think profit could fall by the spending downturn, with half of Argos sales from consumer electronics and Homebase’s fortunes linked to the housing market, which remains frozen. Like–for-like sales were down 10.2% at Homebase and 4.8% at Argos in the year to February 28.Duddy predicted similar falls this year. Argos, Britain’s second larges consumer electronics retailer after Curry’s owner DSG International, said sales of discretionary items such as flat-screen TVs had slowed â€Å"substantially†. The underlying weakness of non-food retail may affect possible cash calls. DSG is thought to be assessing investors’ appetite for a ?300m rights issue and share placing that could come imminently. Home Retail fell to an operating loss of ?402m after writing down the value of Homebase by more than ?650m. The dramatic move is an admission it overpaid for the business, which it bought for ?950m in 2002. Profits at the chain were down nearly 70% at ?14.9m, compared begun to see Argos-home of ?4.69 kettles and ?15.59 DVD players- with new eyes. With a 19% decline at Argos to ?303.6m. Duddy said Homebase had held market share: â€Å"BQ has been quite vibrant {lately} but for five to six years Homebase was outperforming them.† Home Retail benefited from the collapse of rival retailers such as Woolworths and MFI last year. 2.0 Economies of Adopting Policies of Environmental Awareness Trying to promote an environmental message within a company as geographically and operationally diverse as Argos is a major challenge. My research evidence reveals that Argos are aiming to get the massage across to all members of staff that the work they do can have an impact on the environment, in which they live, work and play. They are developing training packages that are tailored to different audience to ensure that all employees, from senior management to operational quayside staff, are aware of the possible environmental implications of their actions. The development of Argos intranet is making the internal dissemination of information available to a much wider audience than traditional training methods. The Aim of Argos is for their staff to be as aware of environmental issues as they are of heath and safety matters and to consider the effects their actions might have, even if it is something as simple as switching-off lights in an unused office, or making sure that a computer printer is switched off over the weekend. Not only will this save energy, but it will also save money and they hope the good practice will be implemented beyond the work environment. As educators, the major objective should be to educate people to use plant resources sustainably through: promoting awareness among policy makers in the community providing training for botanic garden staff and selected group leaders in the community. promoting greater public awareness and motivation forenvironmental action. 2.1 Atmospheric Pollution Leading high street retailer Argos is trailing a new process for the waste arriving at its distribution centres from stores, with the of aim of further reducing the volumes going to landfill. Despite having an impressive record on waste, (Argos currently recycle over 80% of the rubbish produced, 9 of its distribution centres are ISO14001 accredited and a store- wide scheme has been introduced to reduce the waste amounts going to landfill)the new trial aims to tackle the remaining rubbish to further reduce volumes. Mark Jones, Distribution Project Manager said: â€Å"Our internal ‘Argos Cares’ scheme has proved very successful in reducing landfill waste from stores. This trial will drive this process further. The business is committed to reducing landfill waste to help the environment and reduce landfill costs as a result. If we can find a similar solution at other regional distribution centres we could potentially see cost savings in to the business of ?40,000 over twelve months.† The trial, which commenced in mid-January, will continue with two collections per week from Magna Park distribution centre. Argos expect to gain valuable feedback on the content of the compacted rubbish from the contractor, Cwikskip. This, in turn, will reinforce the need to further improve the waste segregation rates in the Argos stores. If the trial is successful Argos will seek to find similar solution at their other 8 distribution centres and elsewhere across Home Retail Group. 2.2 The hole in the ozone layer Cwikskip Waste Management Services are collecting the compacted loads from Magna Park twice a week and moving it to their material recycling facility (MRF) at nearby Rugby. Once there, the loads are then sorted to ensure that as much as 98% of the store and distribution centre waste generated will be recycled. The hole in the ozone layer A remote measuring system, which is based o the principle of differential absorption and diffusion lidar, is developed for detection of nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and ozone. The ARGOS (Advanced Remote Gaseous Oxides Sensor) system uses differential absorption of light with different wavelengths: for that two short light pulses from pumped dye lasers are simultaneously sent in the atmosphere. A three component Doppler sodar is used for measuring wind direction and velocity. The system allows atmosphere backscattering coefficient to be estimated as a measure for spray and dust concentration in the air. The ozone layer in the stratosphere provides protection from harmful solar ultra-violet (UV)radiation. Manmade ozone depletion is caused by the mass use and emission of choro fluoro carbon (CFCs) and other ozone-depleting substance (ODS). This has led to an increase in harmful ultraviolet radiation and the incidence of irradiation-induced skin cancer. Ozone depletion is estimated to be greatest over the western parts of Europe where chloroflurocarbons have been commonly used in refrigerators and aerosol propellants. In these same countries, other ODS have also been used extensively, for example as coolant, foam and cleaning agents. 2.3 Wastes Population growth, increasing urbanization, industrialization and rising standards of living have all contributed to an increase in the amount of waste generated in the EU countries. In 1995, the total amount of waste generated in Eu-15(excluding agricultural waste) was estimated to be 1.3 billion tones (or 3.5 tonnes per capital). These figures show a 10% increase in total waste production between 1990 and 1995. very shortly, annual waste levels will be approximating 2 billion tonnes, with gains from recycling measures outweighed by an increase in economic activity and total waste production (European Environment Agency, 1999). Countries are faced not only with massive volumes of waste but also with the challenges related to hazardous wastes materials. Each year, the Community generates around 40 million tonnes of Hazardous waste. Waste, which arise from virtually all- human activities, can be broadly classified with respect to their source. The major categories include ‘municipal waste’, industrial, agricultural, sewage and nuclear waste, levels for which are shown in Argos household and public wastes An efficient way to cut down the volume of waste is to reduce the use of packaging and to recycle paper, cardboard, plastic, aluminium tins, and glass. Levels of recycling in the member states range from 28% to 53% for paper and cardboard (EU average 49.6%) and between 20% and 76% for glass (European Parliament, 1999). These figures highlight extreme variations in performance between the member states. 2.4 Measure to improve heath and safety in the work place. In December 2005, a full safety management review was conducted and January 2006 the Argos and Homebase health and safety teams were merged together. The current team of 12 is led our Health and Safety Manager, who is also chair of the British Retail Consortium’s Risk and Safety Policy Action Group, which ensure we keep abreast of current thinking and in this area. A key aspect of the review was to develop an approach to health and safety that drew on best practice within Argos and Homebase, and to develop a system that was straightforward and simple for our colleagues to understand and use. We call this programme ‘Simple Safer’. we have taken a stepped approach to introducing this programme focusing our efforts on Argos first and then Homebase. Key attributes were consultation with our heath and safety champions, who were elected by employees at our location and whose role is to represent the view of colleagues at regular health and safety meetings and during the implementation of our simply safer programme. We have also rationalized the number of risk assessments performed by our colleagues. For example, in Homebase we reduced the number of different assessments types from 180 down to 30 integrated templates, which can be tailored to suit individual site circumstances. The feedback from our colleagues on the introduction of this new way of working has been very positive. In order to make our health and safety policy statement effective, we have established a health and safety management, control and support structure as a framework for activity that reaches every part of our Group. The Group HR Director is responsible for implementing the health and safety policy and has established and chairs a health and safety risk management group comprising senior management representative from all area of the business. The committee’s role is to keep under review the effective management of health and safety across the Group and to provide the executive directors with appropriate advice and guidance. The health and safety management group meets quarterly and minutes of the meeting are produced and circulated across the business. We recognize that different areas of our business need to be actively involved in health and safety management so to facilitate this we have set up a number of committees that report into the health and safety risk management gro up. All health and safety committee members are provided with information, attend update meetings and consult over health and safety issues. Each store or site manager is responsible for implementation of the Group’s health and safety arrangements in their own store or site. In addition, it is our intention that every store and distribution centre will have an appointed health and safety champion (currently in place across Homebase and underway in Argos). They are responsible for representing the employees and promoting health and safety agenda in their location. Each operation office and distribution centre also has a site health and safety committee chaired by an appropriate manager. We are currently in the process of rolling this into all stores and we expect this to be completed in 2007. We provide health and safety training to all our new colleagues, mainly through the induction process. Specific health and safety training is also provided for those individuals required to manage and supervise others. We regular monitor our health and safety performance across the business. For example, stores undertake and record regular assessments, including all relevant fire safety checks. They also conduct a periodic checklist and there are various other checks based on the risk assessments and accident/incident experience (e.g Ladder register fire alarm checks etc.) Every store conducts a formal self-audit on business critical issue, which are collated and reviewed by line managers. Any failure can lead to disciplinary action. In addition, the health and safety team regular audits stores. Action plans are produced for failing stores and the results are linked to bouses.The health and safety champions are also involved in reviewing these and conducting re-audits on stores in their area. We provide a bullying; harassment and stress help line, which gives employees access to trained counselors. In addition, all employees can be referred for face to face counseling through this service. 3.0 Responsibilities of organization to improving workforce welfare. AEGON today announced that an agreement has been signed to acquire a 49% interest in Seguros Argos S.A. de C.V.,a Mexican life insurance company specializing in the sale of life insurance to individuals through their employers (the worksite marketing channel),for an undisclosed sum. AEGON’s existing operations in Mexico include AEGON Direct Marketing Services, which works with insurance companies, banks and other financial institutions to provide direct marketing service. In addition, Transamerica Reinsurance(an AEGON company) is active in the life reinsurance market in Mexico. Executives started Argos in 2002 with a long tenure in Mexican insurance market. At the end of 2005 Argos had more than 420,000 policies in force and 1,266 million pesos (EUR 86.6 million ) in premium income. We welcome this opportunity to further expand into Mexico’s life insurance market with one of the country’s leading providers of individual life insurance and related saving and investment products,† said Don Sheppard, Chairman of AEGON’s Executive Board. This investment is consistence with AEGON’s strategy to expand into countries that offer long-term growth opportunity for the products and services we look forward to working with Argos to bu ild on their solid platform. Over time, as our client grew familiar with the translation services that Argos Translations offered, they began to request additional assistance in the medical device market.This occurred largely due to the fact that we were based in their targeted local market and thus could offer additional business support. Many of our clients not only needed their devices localized and their documents translated, but also needed to understand the regulatory issues connected with entering central and Eastern European markets. Argos Translations understood that by being able to offer a turnkey solution that would include assisting in market entry as well as taking care of the translation/localization process; we would provide our clients with unique additional benefits. As a result, Argos Translation joined forces with PMR Consulting, a local consultancy firm with the reliability and extensive experience that complemented Argos Translations services. The result of this collaboration is an offer of a complete solution for all medical device manufacturers interested in entering East European markets. This white paper has been commissioned by Argos Translation and is intended to provide investors with information about the basic devices. While some of the issues raised in this white paper may be common across other East European market it is important to note that each country has its own regulatory requirements and thus it is important not to draw any far-reaching conclusion about the region without consulting a local expert for advice. 3.1 Approaches to the management of diversity Fishing is an important industry, dependent on a natural resource. To protect stocks, satellite monitoring of fishing fleets has been made mandatory by certain governments. Such surveillance can guarantee that application regulations concerning authorized zones and quotas are enforced. The Argos Net solution development by CLS enables authorities to determine the position of fishing vessels, and to monitor fishing activity and catches. Indonesia, Peru, Europe, the United State, Korea, Chile, Taiwan and many other countries rely on CLS to monitor vessels flying their flags or operating in their waters. To improve security for shipping, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) requires all ships over 500 tonnes to be fitted with an onboard warning system (SSA-Ship Security Alert System). One of these systems, called Shiploc, is based on the Argos system and enabled ship owners to comply with IMO standards and monitor their fleet continually. In the event of an incident, the crew activates an alert button which automatically sends a signal to land. In the framework of an international agreement,Shiploc has joined forces with the anti-piracy centre at the International Maritime Bureau. The Argos system provides vital support for UN humanitarian programmes. Hundreds of transmitters have been installed throughout the world to verify distribution of resources, use of food rations, and a number of crucial parameters concerning the schooling of children. In the event of epidemics, Argos transmitters also inform authorities and humanitarian associations about the zones at risk and the number of individuals affected. 4.0 Conclusion This course work has examined the impact of globalization and EU integration of Britain on Argos Retail Group. Globalisation and Integration has brought wider benefits to many countries and organizations, but has equally resulted in challenges never before imagined. The management of Argos in the wider environment must evolve to take advantage of new emerging markets. Such management must be innovative in adopting new set of precepts and protocols that are robust to accept changes in market dichotomy and technology. Competition has increase as a direct result of globalization and European integration. There are new entrants and players in the retail market that can not only challenge Argos but also possible take away its business. Such threats must be anticipated and clearly articulated in advance there by setting the scene not only to embrace change but to also covert the threats into opportunities. There are also issues of legislation, which now spans across boundaries. The national regulatory environment, which hitherto determines the mode of operation, has now been expanded to wider legislative environment. The management of Argos will need to learn and implement new wider rules and regulations in order to survive. In conclusion, one must postulate that globalization creates new avenues of opportunities. Argos must take advantage of the opportunities whilst at the same find innovative ways of converting the threat of globalization and integration into advantages. Sadly, research shows that Argos has not fully embraced this concept although efforts are being made to effect the changes that must happen. 5.0 REFERENCES  ¦ European Environment Agency,(1999) Environment in theEuropean Union at the Turn of the Century EEA.  ¦ En (2006), wiktionary globalization, www.wiki.org.uk  ¦ European Parliament,(1999) Environment policy: general principles, European parliament Fact Sheets.  ¦ Marshall McLuhan’s, (1998) The Marshall McLuhan’s Center Global communications.  ¦ McLuhan’s (1996) Gutenberg Galaxy,the making of typographicman.  ¦ Pridham and Lewis, (2004) Stabilising Fragile Democracies:New Party System in Sounthern and Eastern Europe.  ¦ Welford,R. (1992) Corporate Environmental Management,Earthscan.  ¦ llLs, (2004) International Institute for Labour Studies, Globalisation and Employment. How to cite Strategic Analysis of Argos UK Retail Company, Essay examples

Kidney Failure free essay sample

Read each scenario and write a 25- to 50-word answer for each question following the scenarios. Use at least one reference per scenario and format your sources consistent with APA guidelines. Scenario A Acute renal failure: Ms. Jones, a 68-year-old female, underwent open-heart surgery to replace several blocked vessels in her heart. On her first day postoperatively, it was noted that she had very little urine output. What is happening to Ms. Jones’s kidneys, and why is it causing the observed symptom? Well for instance her kidneys are in shock from surgery, they are un-able to clean the creatinine and urea from the blood which is the waste product produced by the body. Our kidneys also balance water, salt and minerals the body needs. So her little urine output is indicates that the waste products are building up and not being properly executed. 2. What other symptoms and signs might occur? Some of the symptoms and signs that might occur are headaches, breath that smells like pee or ammonia, swelling, nausea and vomiting, some pain and possibly an up-set stomach. We will write a custom essay sample on Kidney Failure or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In most serious cases the symptoms can be muscle weakness and possible cardiac arrest due to high potassium in the blood. 3. What is causing Ms. Jones’s kidney disease? She has some blocked hart vassals that were caused by surgery. So in return theirs not enough blood flowing and it’s causing her kidneys to get damaged. 4. What are possible treatment options, and what is the prognosis? She is having kidney failure. It can be cured but it will take a few days and her once the treatment is done her kidneys will work well enough to make her life normal again and not have any long lasting effects. Dialysis may be one option the doctors may throw her way but Antibiotics are more common and can prevent infections. Scenario B Chronic renal failure: Mr. Hodges, a 73-year-old man, has had congestive heart failure for the past 5 years. His doctor has told him that his heart is not functioning well, needing more and more medicine to maintain circulatory function. He has noticed that he is not urinating more than once a day. 5. Why is the condition of Mr. Hodges’s kidneys affecting the rest of his body? Mr. Hodges is having Chronic Renal Failure. This is affecting his body because chronic renal failure is a long lasting disease and it is not a disease that just happens over night, it takes time to develop. By the time this disease is diagnosed the toxins have spread throughout the body and affects other areas. 6. As his chronic renal failure worsens what other symptoms and signs might occur in his respiratory, digestive, nervous, and urinary systems? If his condition gets worse he could have is kidney taken out or have a transplant to get a new kidney. You can live with one Kidney but it is harder on your body. His digestive system could back up and in return cause his urinary system to over flow in his body and cause sever damage. 7. What is causing Mr. Hodges’s kidney disease? Mr. Hodge’s Hodges has a metabolic waste build up and it is causing his system to shut down. IF he doesn’t do treatment or medication to help the flow of his blood it could cause sever damage and possible kill him. 8. What are possible treatment options, and what is the prognosis? He really has three options, one get dialysis right away, two take medication and have a kidney removed or transplant and three would be to just let it go and cause major damage in his body and die from all the toxins his body can’t fight off.